The trial of the Baader-Meinhof gang, the most notorious terrorist gang in Europe in the early 1970s, took place at the Stuttgart-Stammheim prison between 1975 and 1977 On trial were Andreas Baader. Ulrike Meinhof. jan-Carl Raspe and Gudrun Ensslin. A fifth member of the group, Holger Meins died at the trial's opening as the result of a hunger strike Ulrike Meinhof died during the trial - the cause of death "officially-registered as suicide. The remaining three members of the gang died in jail after receiving life sentences ~ and were also officially listed as suicides. The roots of the Baader-Meinhof gang date back to the national hysteria surrounding the student revolt of 1968 - and before that to National Socialism and the subsequent postwar conflicts between fathers and sons mothers and daughters, past Nazis and contemporary revolutionaries.